The enemy of my enemy is my friend. [51], In the eyes of many international observers China proved to be the biggest winner of the Singapore summit for two main reasons. The US also added them to the Treasury department’s list of specially designated individuals with whom Americans were barred from doing business. [73], The prevailing mood at the G20 Summit in Argentina was tense, especially considering the open hostility between the two parties during the APEC Summit in Papua New Guinea (17-18 November), where Mike Pence warned countries in the Indo-Pacific region not to fall into the trap of Chinese debt diplomacy, instead encouraging them to choose «the better option» of American development financing. This article argues that the key question is whether China is about to change its approach to foreign policy, one which has enabled its “peaceful rise” in recent decades. China and North Korea don’t see each other with any kind of mutual sympathy. Here are five books to understand the year better – and what the future may hold. This is part 1. This bolstered Beijing’s confidence in its relations with North Korea, thus averting its initial fear of exclusion and confirming its centrality in the issue.[59]. 40. Karishma Vashwani, ‘Huawei arrest of Meng Wanzhou: A «hostage» in a new US-China tech war’, BBC news, 6 December 2018. Another important effect was the joint strengthening of relations between China and the EU, despite some frictions related to the BRI. July 26, 2018. Throughout 2018, Chinese officials have also repeatedly emphasized the need to treat companies equally, whether domestic or foreign-owned. [17], Beyond this rhetoric, Xi’s speech was focused on four main themes – improvement in the market environment; market access for foreign firms; investment opportunities for foreigners, and the creation of a strengthened intellectual property protection regime in China for the benefit of foreigners and the domestic economy. 122. Geopolitical tensions on top of a pandemic has made 2020 a turning point for many countries. The third was similar to the time-honoured visits of foreign heads of state, and as such heavily covered in newspapers and television news bulletins. Noah Barkin & Aleksander Vasovic, ‘Chinese ‘highway to nowhere’ haunts Montenegro’, Reuters, 16 July 2018. 99. [99] That statement became part of Washington’s constant criticism of NATO’s European allies for not spending enough on defense. China’s President Xi Jinping takes his seat for the first closed session of the BRICS summit in Johannesburg, South Africa (July 26, 2018). [60] Put another way, considering the long history of scepticism and tension between the two sides, they could be considered at least «partners of convenience». 79-82. Among those countries was Sri Lanka, which in December 2017 transferred the control of Hambantota port, built using Chinese loans, to China Merchants Port Holdings, a state-owned port operator. As to the substance of the renewed bilateral ties, Andrei Lankov did not hesitate to express his reluctance since in his view there was no love lost between the two powers: «Let’s not have illusions. The most surprising, and unexpected one, was the sudden rapprochement between Beijing and Pyongyang, symbolized by the North Korean leader’s frequent visits to China – three in less than three months – which marked the end of the never-ending speculation concerning the state of the brotherhood alliance between the two countries and Beijing’s weak grip on its ally. The purpose was to forge a more efficient system that could better serve the interests of the country, eager to fulfil its national «dream» by 2049, on the occasion of the centenary of the People’s Republic of China (PRC).[1]. 23. In particular Samsung called the tariffs «a tax on every consumer who wants to buy a washing machine», while China, being the world’s biggest solar panel manufacturer, complained it would further damage the global trade environment.[64]. More information about China is available on the China Country Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet. US slaps «America First» tariffs on washing machines and solar panels’, BBC news, 23 January 2018. Indeed, China was at the centre of a trade war unleashed by Donald Trump’s administration which went far beyond any commercial issues. On previous visits by North Korean leaders, including those of Kim Jong Un’ father and grandfather, the visits were not announced until after they had left the country and were on their way home. On the other hand, it stimulated the strengthening of relations between China and the European Union (EU), as shown by the positive results of 20th EU-China Summit, resumed in its final Joint Statement, even despite the growing tensions around the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and its impact especially in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) countries. 61. 120. At the same time, according to Andrei Lankov, one of the world’s leading Korea experts, and director of the Korea Risk Group, visiting China for the third time in such a short period, Kim might be seeking to take advantage of the trade conflict between China and the US, and trying to deepen their rivalry to ensure they could not join forces against him, as happened with UN sanctions over North Korea’s weapons programme. The new agricultural reforms are a necessity for Indian farmers; the Modi government, however, must do more to ally their fears. Related to Trump’s aggressive stance on trade was the Japanese prime minister’s more convincing rapprochement to China, after the timid gestures in 2017. On the one hand, the agreement adopted by Trump and Kim which granted a de facto dual suspension of North Korean tests and US-ROK joint military exercises (so called «freeze-for-freeze approach») was similar to the proposals that Beijing had been promoting for months. To previous editions Rossi, ‘ Chaos caused by US trade aggression spurs faster regional FTA talks ’, Perception! More assertive involves two opposing opinions on Beijing ’ s foreign policy has become more and. Remain a steadfast Indian ally was praised by both US experts and other Western observers of 2017 for. Hurst, ‘ China ’, Caixin, 16 July 2018 Benabdallah ‘! 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