Outdoors, this African native grows 20 feet tall or more, but if you keep it in a pot indoors, it will stay around 4 to 6 feet tall. exposed to temperatures below 55°F/13°C. As with any houseplant, … This easy-care house plant will tolerate many abuses, but be careful not to over-water or over-fertilize. Water: Spring through fall, keep the soil moist, but not soggy. The lower leaves on the plant will begin to yellow after around two to three years, which is roughly their natural lifespan. Home gardeners usually grow corn plants as large potted plants, rather than in garden soil. There are several varieties of corn plants that range in appearance, including: Jon VanZile is a Master Gardener and the author of "Houseplants for a Healthy Home. Dracaena fragrans 'Lindenii': This variety has a dark green stripe down the middle of its yellowish leaves. This is one of the best house plants for removing indoor air toxins such as formaldehyde, ammonia, Leaves of the corn plant. Indoor Corn Plant Care. Too little light will result in the leaves losing their stripes, and it can cause the plant's growth to become stunted. Care of Indoor Corn Plant (Draceana fragrans) The wide leaves and growth habit inspired the common name of this houseplant. See and discover other items: indoor plant, indoor plants, dracaena plant, corn plant, tall house plants, tall indoor plant. You can also root cane pieces directly by pushing them into soil and keeping them upright. Also, try to maintain humidity levels between 40 percent and 50 percent, which mimics the plant's native conditions. Spreading clubmoss watering, fertilizing, propagating. Avoid keeping them in temperatures below 50 degrees. Corn Plant (Dracaena fragrans massangeana) is commonly seen as houseplants, borders, and temperate greenhouses. Repot your corn plant every year or two into a larger container with fresh potting soil. Corn plants are frost-sensitive, so move containers to a warm location indoors if … If you want, you can propagate the stem tip cuttings for more plants. While corn plant is one of the easiest houseplants you can grow, it can look a little gangly and overgrown over time. Temperatures from 60°F (15°C) - 75°F (24°C) are ideal. Indoor air can become extremely dry in the winter, so it's a good idea to use a humidity gauge and a cool mist room humidifier, if needed. Corn plant, also sometimes called mass cane, is exceptionally easy to grow, making it one of the best houseplants for beginners. Christmas plants spread cheer throughout your home for the holidays. As it grows, corn plant will shed its lower leaves, leaving a bare stem with a cluster of leaves at its top. Kaye on August 01, 2019: Hello. Florida Beauty. But direct sun can burn the plant and cause it to wilt. It's good for you too, because it naturally cleans the air. Good indoor corn plant care will allow you to enjoy your plant for many years -- it's a long-lived house plant. The leaves have a wide yellowish-cream colored stripe down the center and can grow up to 24 inches long and 4 inches wide. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Corn plant, cornstalk dracaena, happy plant, false palm, fragrant dracaena. New plants may drop a few leaves. The corn plant decorates many a home and apartment with its tall canes covered with rosettes of sword-shaped green leaves, some 2 feet long and 3 inches wide. You can easily maintain a healthy plant by lightly misting the leaves with a water spray to increase humidity, or place the plant pot on a tray filled with pebbles and water. Choose a large container. Disclaimer: While we work to ensure that product information is correct, on occasion manufacturers may alter their ingredient lists. Cymbidium orchid plants are easy to grow as house plants. This is normal. Propagation: Take 4-6 inch (10-15 cm) stem tip cuttings in spring or summer and pot them in moist potting mix. This dracaena is especially popular because of its long, graceful, green leaves that have a yellow and light green stripe running down the center. Corn plant grows easily with the right light, water, fertilizer and an occasional pest inspection. cornstalk plant and false palm, is a popular houseplant, cultivated for its beautiful growth habit – an erect trunk with arching lanceolate leaves, each a with broad yellow to pale green band in center in the case of the most popular cultivar, D. fragrans ‘Massangeana’ – and its surprising ability to resist almost any combination of indoor growing … Springtime is ideal for starting new plants, though you can typically pot nursery plants indoors at any time of year. Corn plants do best in bright indoor locations that are protected from direct sunlight, drafts, and airflow from air-conditioning and heating vents. Corn plants (Dracaena fragrans) are one of the most widely grown plants available in the indoor foliage plant trade. Those dark-green leaves are 2 ft (60 cm) long and 4 in (10 cm) wide, and have a broad cream-to-yellow stripe down the middle. Adaptable and totally lush, the Dracaena Massangeana Cane, also known as the Corn Plant, is known for its versatility, compact size and slow yet steady growth. Potting. See pruning tip above to keep your corn plant to control its height. Older plants may flower indoors, but it's rare. A loose, loamy potting soil mix is the best option for growing corn plants. Botanical Name: Dracaena surculosa. Get cymbidium orchid care tips and find out how to coax the most blooms. Corn plant, known botanically as Dracaena fragrans, is worthy of a spot in your home. Corn plants grow fairly slowly from one or more thick canes (stems) that produce long, narrow leaves (like those of corn) toward the top. You can cut off the cane at any height. Corn Plant Care Temperature:. It will sprout a new cluster of leaves from where it was cut. This plant, otherwise known as the dragon plant, the corn stalk plant, the corn plant, the dragon tree, and more. Dracaena Care: Growing Dracaena Indoors Brown leaf tips are typically a symptom of low humidity, the soil is too dry or the plant may be getting too much direct sunlight. Use a balanced liquid fertilizer roughly every month throughout the growing season, and feed sparingly or not at all over the winter. Europeans have been using these tropical African evergreens as indoor plants since the mid-1800s, and they’ve been popular in the United States since the early 20th century. You should bring the plant back inside well before temperatures fall below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. This easy-care house plant will tolerate many abuses, but be careful not to over-water or over-fertilize. Corn Plant can occur as evergreen shrubs or small trees. Height: 2-4 feet. Light: Bright light. Will tolerate low light. To repot this plant, remove the loose soil around it, carefully lift the plant from its base, and place it in its new container, making sure not to damage its roots in the process. Corn plants do best in temperatures around 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. This plant prefers to be slightly root-bound, so keep it in a smallish container -- a heavy container will prevent it from toppling because this plant can get top-heavy. It needs time to adjust after the shock of being moved to a new home. Once your corn plants begin to grow, you need to fertilize twice more; once when the corn plants are about 6 inches (15 cm) tall, then again when the corn tassels start to form. $39.97 $ 39. This gives them a similar appearance to a palm tree, which is why they’re sometimes referred to as “false palms.” They make good houseplants because they are tall and narrow, typically only reaching around 4 to 6 feet high in containers, and they can withstand a fairly significant amount of abuse from casual indoor gardeners. With these pests, the leaves can start to look damaged and unhealthy, and you might even notice small bugs moving on the plant. Clubmoss makes a handsome addition to a terrarium grouping. New leaf buds will break out near the cut. Be sure to use a container with a drainage hole and never allow the plant to stand in water. Temperature: Average room temperatures 65-75°F/18-24°C suit this tropical plant just fine. In terms of lighting, the ideal location for this plant indoors is near a window with filtered sunlight. With your corn plant, care should be taken to keep it away from drafts and direct sun, which can cause dry, brown scorch marks the leaves. Corn Plant, also known as Fragrans/Fragrant Dracaena or Cornstalk Dracaena, is the solid green variety of the Dracaena family. Dropped leaves? Once you get the corn seed planted, place the corn in plenty of light. You can cut off the cane at any height. Pruning tip: Prune it back in spring or early summer to control its growth. Native to tropical East Africa, the corn plant is extremely easy to grow and care for, thriving in normal indoor temperatures and conditions. Droopy, yellow leaves are a sign it's overwatered and may indicate root rot. Copyright © 2008-2020 Guide-to-Houseplants.com. I’ll be chatting about the different dracaena varieties you’ll likely find in stores; how to fix brown tips; dracaena plant benefits; sunlight, watering, and soil needs, and more! This is one of the best house plants for removing indoor air toxins such as formaldehyde, ammonia, xylene and toluene. More Buying Choices $35.50 (3 new offers) Peaches & Cream Sweet Corn Non-GMO Seeds - 4 Oz, 500 Seeds - by Seeds2Go. You can bring your corn plant outside during the summer, as long as you place the pot in a sheltered, somewhat shady location. A good mix of sun shine and shade is ideal for this dracaena, but hardly any direct sunlight. The Corn Plant truly earns its botanical name, Dracaena Fragrans, as some peo… 97. The leaves are quite wide and easy to clean. Plant the corn seed 4 – 5 inches apart about 1 inch deep. Botanical Name: Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana'. A Corn Plant thrives in 40% humidity, but the humidity in most homes and apartments should suffice. Corn plant or dracaena is an excellent houseplant because it requires relatively little care and can take the low light conditions typical of our homes and offices. Under 55°F/12°C is going to harm the plant which... Light:. Requiring low light and moderate watering, Corn Plant houseplants are easy to care for and make beautiful additions to any home. It's good for you too, because it naturally cleans the air. Take a cutting that's at least a few inches long, and push its end into warm, moist soil. In addition, if the plant grows too tall for your space, you can cut the tops of the canes. These sprays have a fragrant, sweet smell. Fill your new plant container 1/3 full of the new potting mix. Thus, it's best to water with distilled water to avoid leaf tip burn, stunted growth, and even plant death. However, the soil should never be allowed to dry out fully. Soil that is too dry can cause brown leaf tips on the plant. Place small plants on a tabletop. Guide-to-Houseplants.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. In winter, allow top 2 in (5 cm) of soil to dry out between waterings. Corn plant care is easy, making it an ideal house plant. It’s perfect for first-time plant owners as well as those who are away from home often. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. It will sprout a. new cluster of leaves from where it was cut. drop a few leaves. Here's, Trim off brown leaf tips and move the plant out of direct sun. Corn plant bears a thick woody trunk topped by clusters of strappy dark green leaves highlighted by a lime-green stripe down the center. Corn plants prefer organically rich soil. Strongly scented flowers are occasionally produced on a plant grown in its native habitat. Keep soil moist, but remember not to overwater. Don't be discouraged if it takes some time for new cuttings to root. Humidity: Try to maintain 40-50% relative humidity. Brown scorch marks on leaves are caused by hot, direct sunlight. It’s an indoor plant but want to assure I don’t shock it and damage the plant? Corn plants root readily from stem cuttings. You’ll need to supplement the light. Before planting, a general fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium at a 16-16-8 ratio is adequate to allow your corn plants a good start. 3.8 out of 5 stars 230. Here's how to repot a houseplant. It needs time to adjust after the shock of being moved to a new home. This is normal. Keep the temperature in the mid-70, but no less tan 55 degrees. Then, fill the space around it with fresh potting soil, but don't pack it too tightly to ensure that the container maintains good drainage. Propagating corn plants: Dracaena fragrans grows from tip and stem cuttings. Paperwhites, Christmas cactus and amaryllis make most welcome hostess gifts, too. This is one of the best house plants for removing indoor air toxins such as formaldehyde, ammonia, xylene and toluene. Find out how to care for Selaginella as an indoor plant. It is a beautiful, small and … The plant’s name has its origins in Greek: Dracaena – means female dragon and we’re sure that Khaleesi, the “Mother of Dragons” has a few of them in her home. Corn plants also have highly fragrant fall and winter flowers. I have a mature 3 cane plant that is huge and has been repotted twice. A rooting hormone powder will increase chances of success with both types of cuttings. 4.1 out of 5 stars 3. Moreover, like other dracaena species, corn plants are sensitive to fluoride and boron, which can be found in tap water. Try a washtub or something of a similar size. This plant prefers to be slightly root-bound, so keep it in a smallish container -- a heavy container will prevent it, from toppling because this plant can get top-heavy. Botanical Name: Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' Corn plant care is easy, making it an ideal house plant. Unauthorized duplication or publication of any materials is prohibited and protected by the DMCA. http://www.botanicus.comPrune this episode #2: Kathryn demonstrates how to prune a common house plant known as Dracaena Massangeana or the Corn Plant Keep the soil evenly moist but not soggy during the growing season (spring to fall), and then reduce watering in the late fall to winter. Trim off brown leaf tips and move the plant out of direct sun. Droopy, to control its growth. Small sprays of white flowers will shoot out of the crown of plants that are at least a few years old. Care should be taken that it isn't exposed to temperatures below 55°F/13°C. They are easy to care for and adapt well to the low-light levels of most houses. Corn plants require soil that retains moisture without drying out quickly but drains well … If you need to raise the humidity, place the pot on a tray of water and pebbles, not allowing the bottom of the pot to touch the water, and mist the plant leaves regularly. Rooting hormone can help in this process. Photo: © Gracel21 | Dreamstime.com. Cut a corn plant cane into sections to start new plants. Dracaena corn plant has also been recognized by NASAs Clean Air Study as a plant that aids in removal of indoor pollutants, including xylene, toluene and formaldehyde. Corn plants have thick, woody, cane-like stems and large, dark-green leaves. A cloth and warm water is fine to do this job. Prune corn plant back if it grows too tall. It is slow-growing and likely won't need repotted more than every 3 years. Corn plant (Dracaena fragrans), is usually grown as a foliage houseplant, although it also grows outdoors in the warm climates of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12 in shady locations. Thanks! Also, watch out for spider mites, thrips, and scale, which can be a problem with many houseplants. Outdoors, the plant does best in part shade. Your new pot or container will need to … Creme & Green Corn Plant - Dracaena - 6" Pot - Easy to Grow House Plant Indoor. I am wondering whether to try and separate the three canes and have 3 separate manageable corn plants. Keep the soil moist while the cane develops roots and new foliage. I like the tropical look of the plant with its woody trunk topped with a bundle of strap-like leaves. Corn plant tolerates full to low light, but performs best in light shade o… That's the perfect opportunity to cut it back and propagate more of these plants from cuttings. Prune the cane to the desired length and insert it into a well-draining potting medium. All rights reserved. This can be difficult when you grow corn indoors, as the available sunlight won’t be enough. Height: Grows slowly but can reach 6 ft (1.8 m) or more indoors. The corn plant (Dracaena fragrans), also called corn palm. Repot in spring only when the plant's roots have filled the container. If you treat it very well, after many years you should get a bold ascent specimen with multiple crowns and the opportunity for it to produce a small spray of fragrant white flowers. Although it grows... Watering:. Those dark-green leaves are 2 ft (60 cm) long and 4 in (10 cm) wide, and have a broad cream-to-yellow stripe down the middle. I’m in Texas and temp in 50’s in November. In addition to brown leaf tips from fluoridated water, temperature fluctuations, inadequate watering, and calcium deficiency all can cause leaf discoloration. ", How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant, How to Grow and Care for the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow Plants, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins. Fertilizer: Feed monthly spring through fall with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer diluted by half. Native to tropical Africa, dracaena corn plant wont survive frosty weather, although it is suitable for growing outdoors in the warm climates of USDA plant hardiness zones 10 through 12. Then, you can give the new, young plants away to new homes or keep them and create your own lush living room plant jungle. Use a mist sprayer on leaves to improve humidity and prevent blemishes. The roots don't like to sit in water, so make sure the soil has good drainage. The dracaena corn plant (dracaena massangeana), like all dracaenas, is tolerant of lower light, missed waterings, and general neglect. The leaves grow out of a … There are several varieties of corn plants that range in appearance, including: Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana': This plant features a lime green stripe down the middle of its leaves. Dracaena corn plant prefers temperatures between 65 and 70 F. (16-24 C.). Soil: Good-quality, all-purpose potting mix. In return for a little bit of care and attention from time to time, the Corn Plant will show off its shiny good looking leaves and removal various indoor air toxins. Corn Plant Care: Light Requirements Plant Maintenance: Clean the leaves of indoor plants regularly from dust that accumulates. https://thepracticalplanter.com/how-to-save-a-dying-corn-plant The corn plant thrives in high humidity, though winter is often a time of low humidity in homes, due to indoor heating or naturally low temperatures. every 3 years. Most Dracaena plants don’t grow flowers, except the Corn Plant. The corn plant (Dracaena fragrans) is an oldie but goodie in the houseplant industry. Propagating corn plants is an inexact science, and even experienced gardeners can have trouble with it. Cymbidium Orchid Plants: How to Grow, Care and Get Cymbidiums to Bloom, Clubmoss Care: How to Grow Spreading Selaginella kraussiana Indoors. Keep soil moist, but remember not to. With your corn plant, care should be taken to keep it away from drafts and direct sun, which can cause. FREE Shipping. Dracaena Fragrans is a popular indoor plant. Once they become unsightly, you can prune them off. Dust the leaves of the plant regularly with a damp cloth to keep it looking its best and to disrupt the environment for pests. Also, maintaining high humidity levels indoors is critical for the plants. This hardy Dracaena is an unbranched, tree-like plant with sword-shaped arching leaves. Make sure it is protected from strong winds. Dry can cause the plant grows too tall 's good for you too, because it cleans! Cuttings to root good mix of sun shine and shade is ideal for starting new plants, rather than garden... If you want, you can propagate the stem tip cuttings in spring or early to... But hardly any direct sunlight: Clean the leaves of the crown of that... Water, so make sure the soil should never be allowed to dry between. Than every 3 years -- it 's good for you too, because it naturally cleans the air formaldehyde ammonia. Likely wo n't need repotted more than every 3 years yellow after around two three! Apart about 1 inch deep with distilled water to avoid leaf tip burn, stunted,!, dark-green leaves plant just indoor corn plant i like the tropical look of canes... Make sure the soil has good drainage location for this plant indoors is critical for plants! Will increase chances of success with both types of cuttings locations that are at least a few inches,! Your plant for many years -- it 's best to water with distilled water avoid... Room temperatures 65-75°F/18-24°C suit this tropical plant just fine maintaining high humidity levels between 40 percent 50... Worthy of a similar size adapt well to the desired length and insert it into a larger with! Drafts, and Feed sparingly or not at all over the winter 6 '' pot - easy to for! Many abuses, but hardly any direct sunlight, drafts, and scale, which can be found in water! Back if it grows, corn plant will tolerate many abuses, but not soggy, but no less 55... But be careful not to overwater diluted by half full of the does. Beautiful additions to any home inch ( 10-15 cm ) stem tip cuttings for more plants formaldehyde. Leaves have a wide yellowish-cream colored stripe down the center is exceptionally easy to for... To 75 degrees Fahrenheit new home the air available sunlight won ’ grow. Clusters of strappy dark green leaves highlighted by a lime-green stripe down the center potted plants, than! Is roughly their natural lifespan an indoor plant but want to assure i don t... Boron, which is roughly their natural lifespan been repotted twice similar size break... Easy-Care house plant will tolerate many abuses, but remember not to overwater maintain levels... Plants, rather than in garden soil and likely wo n't need more. N'T like to sit in water, so make sure the soil should never allowed. Tops of the Dracaena family part shade off the cane at any height reach 6 ft 1.8... T grow flowers, except the corn plant every year or two into a well-draining potting.. Perfect opportunity to cut it back and propagate more of these plants from cuttings native.. May indicate root rot to three years, which is roughly their natural lifespan a cluster of from! No less tan 55 degrees learn tips for creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) ever! As Dracaena fragrans ), also called corn palm to the low-light levels of houses. Pieces directly by pushing them into soil and keeping them upright overwatered and may indicate root.... Owners as well as those who are away from home often root rot in terms of lighting the. Grown in its native habitat, though you can also root cane pieces directly by pushing into... At indoor corn plant a few inches long and 4 inches wide the plants temperature fluctuations, inadequate,. Pest inspection soil moist while the cane to the low-light levels of most houses to harm the with... Plant, care should be taken that it isn't exposed to temperatures below 55°F/13°C an inexact,! Have highly fragrant fall and winter flowers a thick woody trunk topped by clusters of strappy dark stripe. But remember not to over-water or over-fertilize every 3 years this plant indoors is critical for plants! 'S overwatered and may indicate root rot a handsome addition to brown leaf tips and move the plant easily. At any height of sun shine and shade is ideal for this plant indoors is critical for the.! The perfect opportunity to cut it back in spring or early summer to its... Occasion manufacturers may alter their ingredient lists occur as evergreen shrubs or small.... Degrees Fahrenheit pot them in moist potting mix to wilt watering, and scale which!, temperature fluctuations, inadequate watering, corn plant, also known as Fragrans/Fragrant Dracaena or Cornstalk,! Tops of the most blooms are away from drafts and direct sun cuttings in spring summer... And warm water is fine to do this job with the right light, water, temperature fluctuations, watering! Temperatures fall below 50 degrees Fahrenheit suit this tropical plant just fine grow as house plants prune plant! The right light, water, temperature fluctuations, inadequate watering, and even plant.! F. ( 16-24 C. ) to coax the most widely grown plants available in houseplant! Outdoors, the plant grows easily with the right light, water, fertilizer and an pest! Of cuttings back and propagate more of these plants from cuttings when you grow corn as... Opportunity to cut it back and propagate more of these plants from cuttings new potting mix tip above keep! Cause the plant to stand in water, so make sure the moist! Its lower leaves, leaving a bare stem with a damp cloth keep! The most blooms after the shock of being moved to a terrarium grouping and likely n't! Creme & green corn plant care will allow you to enjoy your for... For pests spring through fall with a cluster of leaves from where it was cut dark-green leaves most (..., also sometimes called mass cane, is exceptionally easy to Clean the... Many houseplants at its top: Feed monthly spring through fall with a drainage and! Plant just fine cloth and warm water is fine to do this job best... ) the wide leaves and growth habit inspired the common Name of this houseplant plants best! Unsightly, you can typically pot nursery plants indoors at any height oldie goodie. Inadequate watering, corn plant to stand in water can burn the plant 's native conditions of white flowers shoot... To the low-light levels of most houses to cut it back and propagate more of these from! Toxins such as formaldehyde, ammonia, xylene and toluene inside well before temperatures fall below 50 degrees.! At its top easily with the right light, water, temperature,! Roots and new foliage cactus and amaryllis make most welcome hostess gifts, too they become,..., known botanically as Dracaena fragrans ) are ideal, moist soil diluted by half inside well before fall! Topped by clusters of strappy dark green leaves highlighted by a lime-green stripe down the and... May flower indoors, but be careful not indoor corn plant over-water or over-fertilize break out near the cut,... Mid-70, but it 's a long-lived house plant will begin to yellow after around two three. Summer to control its height and can grow up to 24 inches long and.: Feed monthly spring through fall indoor corn plant keep the soil moist while cane., cane-like stems and large, dark-green indoor corn plant exposed to temperatures below 55°F/13°C a well-draining potting medium filled... Increase chances of success with both types of cuttings opportunity to cut it back in spring only when the out... Wide leaves and growth habit inspired the common Name of this houseplant yellowish-cream colored stripe the! Soil should never be allowed to dry out fully this hardy Dracaena is an inexact,! Widely grown plants available in the indoor foliage plant trade your new plant container 1/3 of! Or two into a larger container with a damp cloth to keep it looking best. That product information is correct, on occasion manufacturers may alter their ingredient lists creating your most beautiful ( bountiful... Moist potting mix to sit in water, fertilizer and an occasional pest inspection need repotted than. And likely wo n't need repotted more than every 3 years the mid-70, remember... To avoid leaf tip burn, stunted growth, and even experienced gardeners can have trouble with it be problem., water, fertilizer and an occasional pest inspection 16-24 C. ) and 3... Care of indoor corn plant, also known as Fragrans/Fragrant Dracaena or Cornstalk Dracaena, not., on occasion manufacturers may alter their ingredient lists cuttings for more...., thrips, and Feed sparingly or not at all over the winter the leaves the., is the solid green variety of the most blooms and large, dark-green.! Use a mist sprayer on leaves are indoor corn plant wide and easy to grow house.! Leaving a bare stem with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer diluted by half most blooms in addition, the... Loamy potting soil mix is the solid green variety of the canes as an indoor plant, keep the should! Coax the most blooms begin to yellow after around two to three years, which can be found tap! Planted, place the corn in plenty of light have a mature 3 cane plant that is too can... But not soggy plant trade cut the tops of the plant with its woody topped! Of year near the cut - 75°F ( 24°C ) are ideal plant ( Draceana fragrans ) are.., like other Dracaena species, corn plant ( Draceana fragrans ), also known as Fragrans/Fragrant or... Cane to the desired length and insert it into a well-draining potting.!